A wine tasting term for the feel and taste of wine in the mouth.
A not entirely unpleasant characteristic reminiscent of black pepper sometimes found in young red wines (especially Shiraz) and port.
A large group of compounds found mainly in the skins and seeds of the grape. They include the flavonoids, anthocyanins, and tannins. During the aging process of wines, many of these are precipitated out. Evidence suggests that red wine will offer greater protection against heart disease than white wine due to its higher concentration of phenolics.
A microscopic underground insect that kills grape vines by attacking their roots.
A cask holding two hogsheads or 126 U.S. gallons of wine.
A proposal for enhancing the economic status of the wine industry in Bordeaux.
British English slang for an inexpensive bottle of wine. The term is thought to originate from the French word for white wine, blanc.
The skins, stalks, and seeds remaining after making wine. Also called marc.
A sweet fortified wine, which is produced from grapes grown and processed in the Douro region of Portugal. Port is fortified with the addition of distilled grape spirits in order to boost the alcohol content and stop fermentation thus preserving some of the natural grape sugars. Several imitations are made throughout the world.
The legal name for a true Port wine sold in the United States since imitation ports may be labeled as a Port there.
Potassium bitartrate crystals sometimes form on the cork. Caused by tartaric acid, the “wine diamonds” are harmless
A wine stabilizer and preservative.
The alcoholic concentration that would be produced if all the sugars present were converted to alcohol.
A fungal vine disease common to cooler climates which can lead to crop losses.
When a dissolved substance can no longer stay dissolved and leaves the solution as a solid it is said to precipitate, to leave the solution.
Refers to the alcohol content of a beverage. In the United States, proof represents twice the alcohol content as a percentage of volume. Thus, a 100 proof beverage is 50% alcohol by volume and a 150 proof beverage is 75% alcohol. In the Imperial system, proof, (or 100% proof), equals 57.06% ethanol by volume, or 48.24% by weight. Absolute or pure ethanol is 75.25 over proof or 175.25 pro
Prosecco is an Italian sparkling wine from the Veneto region. usually made with Glera grapes. The production areas are in Treviso, Venezia, Vicenza, Padova, Belluno, Gorizia, Pordenone, Trieste, and Udine.
Cutting the vine to improve its shape and balance. The level of pruning can affect a vine's vigor and the quality of its yield.
The flesh of the grape containing water, sugars, and acids. The flesh of most grapes, whether red or white, is clear.
A wine barrel that holds approximately 84 U.S. gallons (318 liters).
The indentation found in the base of a wine bottle. Punt depth is often thought to be related to wine quality, with better quality wines having a deeper punt.